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Showing posts with label MYTHOLOGY. Show all posts
Showing posts with label MYTHOLOGY. Show all posts

Tuesday, January 20, 2009



One day some cowherds brought dry firewood and stacked it in front of the kitchen of Ma Yashoda because her stock of firewood was exhausted. By chance a small white squirrel had got trapped in the dry boughs and thus arrived at the kitchen courtyard of Chief Nanda. Afraid of her new surroundings, she ran nervously first to one side, then to another.

Suddenly Krishna came and stood before her. He bent down on his knees and gently spread out his hand towards the lovely visitor and said, "Come, little squirrel, sweet squirrel come to me."

On hearing that mellifluous voice the squirrel looked up and saw Krishna's enchanting face haloed in curls, on which rested a golden circlet with a peacock feather. She was no longer afraid but felt joyfully happy. As if in a trance the squirrel climbed on Krishna's spread out palm. Krishna caressed and petted her and then took his new little friend inside the house to show to Yashoda Ma, Nanda Baba, and to his many friends.

In Gokul nobody had ever seen such a beautiful squirrel before. Everyone said, "She is not of the forest of Vrinda. Surely she has come from the Himalayas -- that is why she is snow-white and has such a fluffy tail."

And so she was called Hima, named after the Himalaya which means `The Home of Snow'.

Slowly Krishna and Hima became inseparable companions. Krishna loved her and Hima simply adored Krishna. Wheresoever Krishna went, Hima followed. Sometimes she climbed on to his shoulders, sometimes onto his curly locks, to perch upon the headband of Krishna and to peep through the peacock feather. Sometimes she slid down inside Krishna's shirt and nestled against his heart, or sometimes she just ran after him. She used to look at Krishna with such interest that she even forgot to eat nuts. She would eat only when Krishna fed her himself. All the young cowherds brought the choicest nuts and fruits for Hima but she refused to feed from anybody else's hand. Only if Krishna asked her to go and take something from a friend would she go and take it.

This little Hima was very, very intelligent. She had one curious habit: she began to steal dry fruits from the homes of the milkmaids of Gokul and heap them in Krishna's room. The milkmaids eventually became fed up with this nuisance. By and by they learned to carefully hide the dry fruits out of Hima's reach. But Hima was not to be easily defeated. Her nose was so sharp that in a flash she could discover the new hiding place. She continued to steal away the choice almonds of Kabul and the sweet raisins of Kandhar. The milkmaids of Vrindavan became more and more cautious but to no avail. Invariably Hima triumphed.

Once two of the milkmaids Gori and Madhu had an argument. Madhu said that Hima could not possibly be an ordinary squirrel, that surely some goddess had taken her form. Gori scoffed at this idea. Madhu asked,"Then why is it that not a single one of us, trying our best, has been able to hide the dry fruits in a place which is safe from Hima?" Gori took up the challenge.

She went home and made a tiny bundle of dry fruits and then hid that bundle inside a pillow, sure that it would be safe. Thus reassured and quite happy at this precaution she went to milk the cows. But for Hima it was only a work of seconds to locate the scent of the treasure. She nibbled very fast and when Gori returned she found not only the fruits gone but the pillow spoiled as well. When the other milkmaids saw the scattered cotton of the pillow they laughed and laughed at Gori.

Now Gori was truly annoyed. The next month she tied a new supply of special nuts tightly inside a piece of cloth. Then she put this packet in a small earthen pot. This pot she put into an even bigger pot and then she hung the whole thing on a long rope, hanging from the ceiling. Somehow Hima sensed the challenge. When she came to visit Gori she saw a big pot hanging on the rope to the ceiling. Her nose told her that there were special nuts inside, nuts which she wanted to take for her Krishna. She climbed the wall, reached the ceiling and then, clinging to the rope, she slithered and slid to the pot. The covering was too heavy for her tiny paws to move. But Hima was not to be easily put off. She started to nibble at the strands of rope. In a few minutes the rope was cut and that big pot crashed with a very great noise. Both the pots were broken and when Gori came running in she was just in time to see the fluffy white tail of Hima as she escaped with

a few nuts. Gori at last accepted defeat and started to store her nuts in a tin box.

Each morning when Ma Yashoda came to wake up her darling Krishna she beheld a strange sight. All around her sleeping Krishna would be spread heaps of nuts and flowers. These were the morning offerings of Hima to her dear adorable Krishna. The jasmine, hibiscus and roses around his face made it look as if someone had worshipped a sleeping god. Hima woke up early and gaily ran to the garden and collected the most beautiful flowers from the plants and placed them round her Krishna - a great task for her tiny paws, but she never tired. If she saw some special flower in the Pooja room - the room of worship of the family gods and goddesses - she just took it off the deity and also put it near her Krishna.

Sometimes Ma Yashoda was upset about this. She didn't feel it was proper to take away flowers that had been offered to gods, but she didn't know how to punish this naughty Hima. On her side Hima felt all the beautiful and best things of the world were made for her Krishna.

One day Krishna went to Vrindavan with his friends to graze his cows. Hima was proudly perched on the peacock headband of Krishna. All the friends were laughing and playing pranks. Suddenly there was a swooshing noise in the air above and, before the children could think, a terrible bird from the sky swooped on Krishna. The noise of the wind against the bird's wings had alerted Krishna and just in time he ducked down, at the same time shouting to his friends, "Fall flat on the ground!"

All the children dived and lay face down on the ground. Because of Krishna's sudden ducking, the bird could not capture him. His aim fell a little short and only Hima came into his claws.

This flying creature was a demon of King Kamsa disguised as a bird. For a long time he had been hovering in the sky, looking for an opportune moment to pounce upon Krishna and kill him. He had to be very careful. He knew that if he were to come within reach of Krishna's hands nothing would save him, for Krishna had killed many demons.

Now by a split second his claws missed Krishna's neck and instead he held Hima and rose higher and higher. By the time Krishna and his friends stood up he was soaring high in the sky. Poor Hima was crying. She was saying in her squirrel language, "Krishna, save me! Krishna, save me!" But soon her piteous cries became too faint to be heard.

For a moment Krishna was undecided. What should he do? How could he save his beloved Hima? Except for the sticks and lassoes for herding the cows, the children had no arms.

The demon bird was flying farther and farther away. He was now like a black dot in the blue sky. Krishna was truly and terribly angry. "Oh! That brute! He has taken my Hima. I must punish him."

Then he sat upon a large rock. In a moment he became quiet. His anger left him. There was only a fierce determination in his heart to save Hima.

At last he took out his flute and started to play a sweet tune on it, the Raga of Sleep -- a strange tune which made the world feel drowsy. Krishna's friends, the cows, the trees and plants all started dozing. Even the wind stopped its whispering. The heads of the birds dropped onto their breasts and the beasts crawled under bushes to sleep.

The tune started spreading in the atmosphere. Its pure and clear notes were carried higher and higher. At last the demon bird heard the magic melody. Suddenly, as if for no reason at all, the demon bird started feeling lazy and sleepy. His wings beat slower and slower till he dozed and started falling towards earth. He tried his best but the notes of the flute as if enmeshed him in sleep. Falling like a stone he finally crashed just at the feet of Krishna, flattening many bushes by his fall. Hima was still clutched in his claws. Now those terrible talons opened and in a trice Krishna picked up Hima, trembling with fear, and placed her inside his kurta where she thankfully nestled against his heart.

Krishna replaced his flute in his waistband. With his left hand he patted Hima and with his right he caught hold of the unconscious demon-bird. Then he placed his foot on the back of the demon and bent its terrible neck backwards until the demon's body lay limp and lifeless. This demon would never cause trouble again.

Now Krishna went to another large rock a little farther away and sitting upon it he started to play a new tune -- the music of dawn, of new life, of awakening. Trees and plants, birds and beasts, and all the cowherds woke up as if from a sweet dream.

Hima was her usual happy self once again. She came out to perch on Krishna's headband. She was swaying to the tune of the flute as the children continued on their merry way.

(Picture courtesy

Saturday, January 5, 2008


Lord Krishna showed many signs indicating his divine being right from the time he was born. Here are some of the famous incidents from the childhood of Lord Krishna. These incidents are also known as his leela’s. The leela’s of Lord Krishna as an overgrown and naughty child make him seem more human and easy for us to relate to. Each incident teaches a separate lesson to us and brings us closer to the miraculous Lord Krishna.
Stories of Lord Krishna’s exploits (leela’s) as a child are most fascinating, his leela’s are entertaining for young and old alike and I would like to include his leela’s in my blog.

One day when Lord Krishna was a small boy he saw a lady passing by selling fruits. When he saw the fruits in her basket, Lord Krishna was tempted. He called out to the fruit seller to come to his door. Then Krishna went to his mother Yashodha and asked her, ‘Amma! Give me some grains I want to buy some fruits.” Ma Yashodha gave some grains to Lord Krishna. He took them in his hands and came out to give it to the fruit seller in return for the fruits. The fruit seller put the grains into her basket. With her eyes full of love for the lord, she kept the fruits into his hands. When she looked down there were no grains in her basket, instead there was a heap of precious stones and gems

So, was Lord Krishna’s leela, the fruit seller gave the fruits in return for a palm full of grains as the kid was very adorable and she didn’t have the heart to deny him. She offered the fruits to make the lord happy and she got valuable gems in return for perishable fruits. Similarly when we offer something to the lord (action, duty, work, even our thoughts) which is known as “krishnaarpanam”(surrender to the lord) they will become pure, precious and everlasting.

(Picture courtesy

Thursday, March 15, 2007


Thirukarugavur is the abode of Goddess Garbharakshambika and Lord Mullaivana nathar Garbharakshambika means “The Mother Who Protects the Womb”. The name of the place itself brings out the significance of the temple. A remarkable feature of the temple which distinguishes this temple from the innumerable other shrines of our land is that the Goddess Sri Garbharakshambika not only protects the unborn child, but also blesses people who long for a child, people who have pregnancy related problems and pregnant women who come to the temple praying for an easy delivery.
The other presiding deity is Lord Mullaivana Nathar (Lord of the Jasmine Garden) and worshipping this God will cure all kinds of skin diseases. People who are afflicted with incurable diseases come to this temple.
The temple is situated in Thirukarugavur which is a small village situated in Papanasam Taluka, in Tanjore District.
Tiruk- karugavur itself means -"The town where the foetus was protected".
The temple is located in a serene atmosphere along the banks of the river Vettaar, which
is a branch of the sacred river Cauvery
Location details:
Taluka: Papanasam
District: Thanjavur (Tanjore)
State: Tamilnadu
Country: India
Ideal Travel Base: Thanjavur (Tanjore)
Thirukarugavur is in Papanasam taluka which is located on Thanjavur (Tanjore) - Kumbakonam road.
It can be reached from both Thanjavur (Tanjore)and Kumbakonam. Town buses are available from both places to take you to the temple.
Papanasam is about 20 kilometers east of Thanjavur Town and at 20 kilometers South west of Kumbakonam, so the distance is almost the same.
If you are traveling from Chennai, you have to take a train or bus to Kumbakonam and from Kumbakonam, there are buses going straight to Thirukarugavur where the temple is situated.
You can also rent a car locally for transport.
Among the numerous shrines in Tanjore District the temple at Thirukarugavur is a unique one. The presiding deities of the temple are Lord Mullaivananathar and Goddess Garbharakshambika. Lord Mullaivananathar is Lord Shiva himself and Goddess Garbharakshambika is an incarnation of Goddess Parvati. Goddess Parvati is the embodiment of Shakti (Power). She has the power to give or empower and she is perhaps the most loved and undoubtedly the most giving of her love. In her we have the true celebration of Hindu womanhood.
The Shri Garbharakshambika Sameta Shri Mullaivana Nathar temple is spread over a wide expanse with huge towering Gopurams and a beautiful water tank in front of it. The temple is surrounded by tall coconut - palms, the whole atmosphere is very calming and serene and lends the place sanctity.
Once you walk past the temple tank, you reach into the temple complex of Shri Garbharakshambika Sameta Shri Mullaivana Nathar.
There is a main Raja gopuram on the east and the temple has also got an entrance on the south side.
Both the shrines of Lord Mullaivana Nathar and Goddess Garbharakshambika are situated in the outer Prakaram, which is the main Prakaram facing the east direction.
The main sanctum of this temple has the Shiva lingam and Goddess Garbharakshambika is situated to the left of the Shiva temple. It is believed that the Nandi *at this temple is in Swayambhu vigraham (Self manifested) and so is the Karpaga Vinayagar inside the temple which is also a Swayambhu (self manifested) and as such commands unique devotion from the worshippers. There is also a shrine for Lord Subramanian.
(*The sacred bull on which Lord Shiva rides)
Devotees pay their respects to the presiding deity, Shri Mullaivana nathar ( Lord Shiva) first, as is the custom that is followed in Shiva temples anywhere in TN and then to Goddess Garbharakshambika.
Goddess Garbharakshambika is the supreme personality of Motherhood and the sanctum sanctorum (Garba Graha) of her temple is filled with the presence of her beautiful idol of, which is about 7 feet tall and decked in beautiful kanjeevaram sarees and exquisite jewellery. She is adorned with the most beautiful flowers which are offered in abundance to the Goddess increasing her beauty. The Goddess has the most radiant smile on her face depicting positivity and a ray of hope. For the thousands who throng her abode she isn’t an idol, she is their only remaining hope.
Even a casual visitor cannot fail to be thrilled by the motherly grace and the imposing look of the Goddess here.
The Gopuram and the huge compound walls tell the story of more than a thousand years.
The Sthalapuranas* which are in Sanskrit and Tamil are preserved in manuscript forms and show the antiquity of the temple. The Sthalapurana gives a detailed account of the origin of this Kshetram and the various persons who obtained Divine Grace at this place.
(*Sthalapuranas are scriptures which usually extoll the virtues of a temple. They narrate stories of the temple's creation and spiritual history.)
There are also ancient inscriptions of the walls inside.
Inscriptions from King Raja Raja Chola's periodwho ruled between 985 and 1014 CE*. as well as those from Parantaka Chola’s period (early 10th century) are seen inside the temple. There is evidence that Beema, Garkiyar, Gouthamar and a lot of ancient kings worshipped the God in this temple.
(* CE stands for Common Era)
Appar, Sundarar and Sambandar, the three famous Nayan-mars (Saints) have celebrated the glory of the God and this temple in soul-stirring verses (pathigams*) of rare beauty and charm.
(* Pathigams are verses, poems or songs in praise of the lord and the temple)
The three Nayan-mars visited these temples along with their followers in spite of the inconveniences they faced while travelling the nook and corner of Tamilnadu in search of these temples. There are instances when God Shiva himself had directed them and shown the way to some of the temples so that the above Nayan-mars could visit these temples and compose Pathigams. These Pathigaams composed in the classical Tamil language are of immense value to the Tamil literature.
Lord Shiva is mainly worshipped in the form of a Shiva linga.
The shiva lingam of the presiding deity, Lord Mullaivana nathar in the main sanctum of this temple is a Swayambu (self-manifested ) Lingam,
It is one out of the 64 in the world.
In the Shiva lingam one can see even today the impression of jasmine creepers which once covered the Shiva lingam. The place must have been a jasmine garden once upon a time. Hence the Shiva at this place is called as Mullaivana Nathar (Lord of the Jasmine Garden).
Mullai (Jasmine flower) also known as Madhvi or Vasanti in Sanskrit, is the favourite flower of this deity.
The Sthala Vriksham* in this temple is the Mullai creeper
(Every South Indian temple has its own tree - the sthala vriksham. The names of each temple's tree are included in the agamas, descriptive texts)
The Lingam of Lord Mullaivana Nathar is made up of ant hill mud. Therefore there is no water abhisekam for this Lord. Instead, the Lingam is merely pasted with a kind of must called "Punuhu" in tamil.
It is told that worshipping the main deity Lord Mullaivana Nathar (God Shiva) will cure all kinds of skin diseases.
People who are afflicted with incurable diseases come to this temple, offer "Punuhu Chattam" to the Lord and get themselves relieved of their diseases.
Special Feature Of This Temple
The special feature of this temple is that the moon's rays falls on the Siva lingam on the full moon day in the Tamil month of Panguni (March/April) every year. This is a divine sight to see.

Here is the story of Goddess Garbharakshambika (an incarnation of Goddess Parvati) and why she is known as the protector of the womb.
Once there lived a Rishi called Nidhruva who lived with his beautiful wife Vedhika in an Ashram. He spent his life praying to the lord and performing holy rites.
They were very happy, except that they didn’t have a child, so they prayed fervently to the lord to be blessed with a child.
After many prayers Vedhika became pregnant. Everything was going on well and the couple were eagerly expecting their first born child.
One day Nidhruva left to visit Lord Varuna by travelling through the skies. The rishis in those days had many powers. Vedhika was in the third trimester of her pregnancy, When he was gone, Sage Urdhvapada visited the Ashram.
Vedhika was alone in the ashram and since she was in an advanced state of pregnancy and very tired after the daily household chores, she was lying down and taking rest. Vedhika didn't notice the Rishi or hear him, therefore, she failed to respond and unwittingly failed to offer, due hospitality to the guest.
Urdhvapada felt terribly insulted and unaware of her pregnancy got incensed at her conduct and cursed her for not paying due respects to him.
He cursed that she should suffer from a disease called “Rayatchu”, as a result of which poor Vedhika was struck with a foul disease, which began to eat into the very vitals of not only herself but also the child in her womb.
Vedhika realized the effect of the curse and that the baby in the womb had become disformed because of this curse.
The helpless Vedhika fervently prayed for relief to Goddess Parvati who in the plentitude of her mercy appeared before Vedhika, the Goddess offered protection to the embryo by keeping it in a divine pot till it bloomed into a full-fledged child.
The foetus that was saved by Goddess Parvathi develops into a beautiful healthy male child called Naidhruvan, who receives blessings from Lord Shiva (Mullaivana Nathar) and Goddess Parvati. The holy cow Kamadhenu gives its milk to the newborn baby thus blessing and nourishing the baby.
When sage Nidhruva returned and heard what had happened, he was overwhelmed by the grace of the Almighty. He prayed to Lord Shiva (MullaivanaNathar) and Goddess Parvati (Garbharakshambika) that they should shower their blessings to all devotees praying to them.
He fell at the feet of Goddess Parvati and prayed that she should take a permanent abode at the place and continue to offer protection to future generations of women also. Thus we find this prayer being fulfilled even to this day.
Since the Goddess Parvathi appeared in the form of a savior to protect Vedhika’s unborn child, she was known as Shri Garbharakshambika (The one who protects the unborn child or the one who protects the womb)
To this day, pregnant women visiting this temple at Tanjore and praying to Shri Garbharakshambika have a peaceful delivery and it is believed that the Devi takes care of them and vouches safety to women during pregnancy and childbirth, just as she took care of Vedhika.
Goddess Garbharakshambika is one of the most popular form of shakti in Tamilnadu.
She is the lovely embodiment of womanhood and in this avatar as Garbharakshambika she has been ever gracious upon all womanhood to be the Goddess responsible to take care of women with uterus related disorders and pregnancy.
The fame of this temple rests largely upon the Goddess Shri Garbharakshambika (an avatar of Goddess Parvati) who offers protection to, the human embryo. And it is no wonder that this temple draws worshippers from all sects.
It is believed that childless people who worship here with devotion and faith are blessed with pregnancy and pregnant women with safe deliveries. Unmarried women also pray here for their marriages. Special prayers are conducted by people on behalf of their pregnant relatives or friends.
The uniform experience of the people of these parts bears unfailing testimony to the said characteristic attributed to the Deity. The inhabitants of the village speak to the fact, that within Irving memory, there has been no case of fatality to the mother or child during confinement. Pregnant women from elsewhere come here and pray to the God and Goddess for a safe child birth. No one in this place has ever had a miscarriage or pregnancy problem. It is at a place like this that one can understand what "Divine Presence" is.
Couples who remain childless for a long time should offer ghee, which will be placed at the Feet of the Goddess charged with manthras and given to them. If the couples eat a little of this Ghee at night daily for 48 days the woman will certainly conceive soon and they will be blessed with children.
Pregnant women expecting deliveries should offer castor oil, which will be placed, at the Feet of Sri Garbharakshambikai, charged with mantras and offered to them. This castor oil has wonderful property. When the women gets the labour pains, this oil should be smeared on their abdomen. This will eliminate all complications, dangers and after effects of deliveries and make the deliveries quite easy.
Special pooja at Garbharakshambika temple
The special Pooja and Pushpanjali at the Garbharakshambika temple help to overcome problems related to pregnancy and childbirth.
Auspicious Times: All days are auspicious in this temple; Pradhoshams are very special in this temple, as in other Siva temples.
Pooja Offerings
For pooja coconut, banana, betel & Nut are offered, castor oil is offered which is kept in the feet of the goddess for mantra.
Charging of Castor Oil for Easy Deliveries.
Ghee is offered which is kept in the feet of the goddess for manthra.
Charged Ghee is believed to Bless the couple with Children.
THE EXECUTIVE OFFICER Arulmigu Mullai Vananathar Thirukkoil Thirukkarugavur (P.O) Papanasam Tk. Thanjavur Dt. 614 302 Tamil Nadu
Phone : (04374) 273423
Email ;
Below are the links to contact the temple

You can get the Puja done through They will send you the prasadam. 
Below is their link

Delivery of prasadam process takes: 
3 to 4 days from performing date for Indian address. 
5 to 7 days from performing date for Euroupe, Gulf and Asian address. 
10 to 12 days from performing date for US, Canada and Australia address.
The amount details are available at the above link.

EPRARTHANA.COM offers pooja at this temple and sends you prasad.

HINDUPUROHIT.COM will perform the pooja and courier the prasadam to you.

Kindly check these websites for more information.

The garbharakshambika sloka in tamil is as follows
"Hey Shankara smarahara Bramadhaa dha naadha Mannaadha saamba sasisooda hara thrisoolin Sambo suhaprasavagrudh bhava mey dhayaalo
Sri mathru boodha siva paalayamaam namaste! Himavathyuththarey paarsvey seeradha naama yakshinee Thasyaahaa smarana maathrenaa vichalya gharbinee bhavethu!! "

Check this link for more Shlokas. The Shlokas are available in Tamil and English
or you can also get the same shlokas at the below link


Tuesday, December 12, 2006


There was a great feast at the house of Nanda and Yashodha. Yashodha found that her child had gone off to sleep and so she put him to bed under a cart which contained vessels full of milk, curd and butter.
Kansa had sent Sakatasura to kill baby Krishna. Sakatasura took the form of the cart so that he wont be seen killing the baby. After some time, the child opened his eyes, he was hungry and cried for his milk. As Yashodha was busily engaged in receiving her guests, she did not hear Sri Krishna’s cry. Demon Sakatasura saw this as an opportunity and before anyone would come hearing the little baby cry, he started pressing the baby with the cart with the intention of crushing the little baby as per Kansa’s orders.
Lord Krishna knew this, with just a push of his little foot he kicked the cart. The cart was upset, the wooden wheels were shattered, The axles which are fitted inside the naves of the wheels with iron tubes were broken, the bow yoke which is a shaped wooden crosspiece bound to the necks of a pair of oxen yoke was shattered and the cart was overturned spilling milk, curd and butter on the ground. The pots were shattered and milk started flowing into his mouth. Hearing the noise and cry of the demon everyone came out. The Gopas and Gopis were struck with wonder. They could not believe what their eyes saw. Lord Krishna the baby was drinking the milk falling from the cart into his mouth and there was a dead Asura lying at the other end of the cart.
The boys who were playing there told the Gopas and the Gopis, that the child Krishna while crying had overturned the cart by his kicks.
They did not realize the immeasurable strength of that child. They were wonderstruck that the little baby had so much power as to break and overturn the cart. Yasodha tried to explain away the event as the work of some other demon like Putana trying to injure her dear darling child, Krishna.
Thus Lord Krishna killed the demon Sakatasura by kicking the cart with his tiny feet.

(Picture Courtesy

Wednesday, September 21, 2005


“Nava” means nine and Rathri (means night). So as the name says it all, it is a festival of nine nights. This festival as most festivals of India is celebrated to rejoice the triumph of good over evil.

This festival also marks the start of the Autumn season, a prelude to winter

(As India doesn’t actually have Autumn, but during this period, the weather is very pleasant, it is not very hot, nor is it raining, and just the beginning of winter, so it isn’t very cold)

There are different stories that go to say why this festival is celebrated.

One story goes to say :
Celebrates Lord Rama's victory over the evil Rakshasa (demon) Ravana. That’s thhe reason they have the Ramleela (story of Rama) plays during the nine nights and burn the effigy of Ravana on the tenth day, signifying that the demon was killed by Lord Rama.

Truimph of Good over Evil. This celebration is done usually in the North of India

The other story is :

The Goddess took the form of Navadurgas to kill the Asura (demon) Mahishasura. That is why she is also called as MAHISHASURAMARDHINI (The one who killed Mahishasura). This is why we celebrate Navarathri in the south.

Here goes the story of Mahishasura

The Devas are divine personalities while the Asuras are demons. "Ramba" and "Karamba" were the sons of "Dhanu". Once both Ramba and Karamba undertook severe penance. Karamba had immersed himself up to neck-deep in water and Ramba in blazing fire to propitiate Lord Agni (the Lord of Fire). "Devendra", the king of Devas has foreseen the danger to his throne. He assumed the form of a crocodile, and killed Karamba while he was in deep meditation in the water. Ramba after realizing his brother’s fate got frightened and prepared to commit suicide. Lord Agni couldn’t stand by at this juncture as one of his most devout disciples was preparing to commit suicide because of what Devendra had done to Karamba. Therefore, Lord Agni appeared before Ramba and asked him what boon he wanted. Ramba requested for a son who could not be killed by the Devas, Asuras or men. The boon was granted.

On his way back home, Ramba met a beautiful female buffalo. One should also remember that all Asuras were believed to have buffalo head. The male buffalo (male Asura) is called "Mahishan" and the female buffalo (female Asura) is called "Mahishi". He fell in love with her at first sight and decided to take her home. They had to halt a night in a jungle during their trip back home. At midnight while Mahishan (Ramba) was making love with the Mahishi, another wild male buffalo got intervened and killed Ramba. The grief-stricken she-buffalo also gave up her life by jumping into the funeral fire of Ramba. It is a fact in the myth that once a boon is given, under any circumstances the boon has to materialize. Therefore a baby boy is born from the funeral fire of Ramba and the she-buffalo. The boy is later named as "Mahishasura".

Mahishasura the demon was born as a union of Rambha and a she buffalo (Mahishi) and consequently was a half man and half buffalo. The mighty demon was rendered more powerful as a result of the boon from God Agni given to his father bestowed upon him,

Mahishasura was brought up by Ramba’s (his father’s) relatives who trained him to be their king.

Mahishasura was very power hungry.

He worshipped Lord Brahma and performed severe penance for a boon. The Lord was pleased and appeared before him. Mahishasura obtained a boon from Lord Brahma by which no man could kill him. Mahisha forgot to mention that “ No woman could kill him”. He thought that he can easily overpower any woman with his powers. This was what brought his downfall later.

After receiving the boon, Mahishasura began expanding his kingdom. He was a big threat to the existence of the entire universe. Believing that he had become invincible, Mahisha along with his asuras attacked the devas. A fierce battle took place between the Devas and the Asuras. The Devas lost and the Asuras then captured the heavens. No God, be it Indra, the king of the Hindu gods, or be it Kumara, commander of the armies in heaven, could defeat him. All the Devas had to flee from heaven. The defeated and extremely helpless Devas then approached Lord Vishnu to help them.

Vishnu first took the form of Narasimha and then that of Varaha, but failed to defeat Mahishasura. They then approached Lord Shiva. Shiva opened his third eye, which could destroy all the three worlds, to set free the fire of disaster. But that was also in vain. After this they approached Lord Brahma. Lord Brahma had given the boon to the demon, so they requested him to come up with something to destroy the demon.

The God’s then decided to create a Goddess out of the collective powers or 'Tejas' of all the God's.

Lord Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, with the help of Goddesses Saraswati, Lakshmi and Parvathi and the other Gods brought out flames out of their mouth embodying their collective energy (shakti).

Out of these flames was born DURGA.

Since Durga was born out of the combined power of the Gods, she would possess their combined powers and also the combined beauty of the female Trinity.

The Gods then gifted Durga with ten different weapons, she was armed by a trident from Shiva, a Chakra from Vishnu, bows and arrows from Vayu, They gave her wonderful garbs to wear and Himalaya offered her a Lion. Astride the lion, the devi began to roar.

The Goddess filled with the combined power and anger (since she was born out of fire) of all the Gods was fierce to behold and her very sight scared the demons. The Devi was frightening, yet beautiful!

Durga provoked Mahishasura by her laughter to wage war with her. To see what had happened, Mahishasura came out of his palace. Although the goddess scared the demons just by sight, Mahishasura was ready for a fight. He accepted the challenge, he sent the brave and strongest warriors of his army, (Chikshur, Chamar, Mahahanu, Biralaksha, Vakshal) to attack the Goddess. The Goddess killed them all. Finally Mahisha came to battle with Durga.

Then Mahisha attacked the Goddess. and a fierce battle ensued Mahishasura assumed the form of a wild buffalo and using his hooves, tail and mouth, he started hurting the devas who were there to assist the Devi. The Devi then caught Mahisha in a noose. Mahisha then assumed the shape of a lion. The Devi chopped the Lion's head. Mahisha then assumed the form of a man carrying a sword. On killing that, the asura assumed the form of an elephant. The Devi chopped off the elephant's trunk. Mahisha again assumed the form of a buffalo. The battle ensued for nine days and nine nights. On the 10th Day however, Goddess Durga picked up a bowl of nectar, slowly sipping it she looked at Mahisha and suddenly, she jumped on Mahisha's back. With one foot she pressed down his throat and she pushed her (trident) into Mahisha. Mahisha assuming his demon form emerged from the buffalo. Using her sword, the devi then chopped off Mahish's head. Mahisha died.

The Gods, rid of the demon, showered the Goddess with innumerable praises and with reverence prayed to her to appear every time they were in need of her. Granting the same to the Gods, she disappeared to appear again when called with devotion

The battle between Durga and Mahishasura and Mahishasura being killed by the Devi are ritually performed in Kerala as "Mahishasura Vadham" even nowadays.

In some places, it is believed that Shakti, takes the form of Navadurgas to kill Mahishasura. On the tenth day, the Goddess kills the asura, and that day is called Vijayadashami (Dashami is ten and Vijaya means victory). Hence, she is also known as Mahishasuramardhini- the one who vanquished the demon, Mahisha.

Vijayadashami (Also known as Dassera) marks the beginning of good tidings and the elimination of evil forces.

It is believed that Rama also worshipped the Goddess before killing Ravana in the battle.

Hope you'll enjoyed the story of Navarathri.

Friday, June 13, 2003



Rishi Atri’s wife Anusuya was very loving and devoted to him. She was a “Pativrata” (Pativrata means one who is loyal and faithful to the husband). Sage Narada visited Rishi Atri’s ashram and was very impressed with Sati Anusuya’s loyalty, dedication and devotion to her husband and praised her in front of Goddesses Saraswati, Lakshmi and Parvati the wives of Gods Brahma,Vishnu and Shiva respectively. The Goddesses were jealous of Anusuya, so they decided to test her loyalty. They came about a plan. The 3 Gods went to Rishi Atri’s Ashram as guests, when Rishi Atri was not there at home and asked Sati Anusuya to serve them (lunch) without putting on any clothes. Sati Anusuya agreed to this, she meditated upon her husband and sprinkled water on them and converted them into 3 babies. The three goddesses who were waiting for their husbands to come back arrived at the scene to find their husbands being converted to babies. They immediately regretted their plan and asked Sati Anusuya to forgive their husbands and themselves. Sati Anusuya forgave them but asked for the three Gods to be born as her 3 sons. "The gods were then born to her as her sons Soma, Dattatreya and Durvas.

In Ramayana, Ram and Sita are also said to have visited Sati Anusuya and she narrated to Sita the importance of loyalty to one's husband.

There is yet another story associated with her. Chitrakoot did not receive rain for several years. This led to a famine. Sati Anusuya prayed hard and the power of her prayers brought the river Mandakini down to the earth. Then there was greenery all around. The human beings and animals were also relieved. Such is the power of a pativrata and the mahima of a lady who is devoted. She can move 3 worlds.

Wednesday, February 5, 2003



Sage Narada had a desire to know how Krishna was able to keep his thousands of wives happy and contented and attend to all of them everyday. So one day, he came to Dwaraka and entered the palace of Rukmini where he saw Krishna being fanned and served by her. He was greeted by the Lord and given an honorable seat. After sometime, he took leave and entered the hosue of Satyabhama and saw there Krishna playing a game of dice with her, with Uddhava sitting by his side. On seeing Narada, Krishna got up and welcomed him as if he was meeting him for the first time that day. Narada then left that house and entered another where he saw Krishna playing with his babies. He entered another

house and saw in each of them Krishna engaged in various activities, such as preparing to go for his bath, performing his morning worship, teaching the children, and so on. Narada then entered the durbar hall and saw Krishna engaged in discussions with the

minister’s. Wherever he went, he saw Krishna in his innumerable forms, somewhere spending his time in the midst of courtiers, somewhere hunting and so on. Narada was thrilled at this experience of the One Lord manifesting at all places simultaneously in different forms. Wherever he looked he saw only Krishna. He was overcome with wonderment and praised Him with hymns. Krishna then spoke to him thus "O great sage! You know My Tatwa. I sustain righteousness in this world. In order that the world may not swerve from the righteous path, I have assumed the role of a great householder

now. Why should you get deluded by this Maya of Mine?" Narada prostrated to the Lord and went to the higher worlds singing the glory of Krishna.

Tuesday, July 2, 2002

Story of Sukanya from Mahabharatha

Sukanya is a story adapted from the Mahabharatha. Inspite of being innocent she had to face a lot of troubles in life, but overcame everything and lived happily.
The story
Vaivasvata Manu was the son of the Sun God and the originator of the Solar Dynasty. His heir was the learned King Sharyati. Sharyati had a daughter who was the paragon of beauty. She was appropriately named Sukanya meaning beautiful girl. Once the king went for a hunt taking his family with him. In the evening they camped near the hermitage of Sage Chyavana.
Chyavana had been meditating for a long time. Termites had built a nest around his body, which was teeming with newborn insects. Only his eyes and nostrils were exposed. In the dark of the evening the eyes shone like glow worms. Sukanya's curiosity was aroused and she playfully poked the bright spots with a twig in order to draw out the glowworms. To her horror she blinded the sage. Chyavana was in a rage. He threatened to curse the king, his family and his kingdom. Sharyati pleaded that his daughter had committed this heinous deed out of ignorance and not out of malice. He begged forgiveness. When nothing worked, he gave his daughter in marriage to the sage to placate him.
Thus the barely nubile Sukanya became the aged Chyavana's wife. Chyavana was not only old but was ugly as well. Ages of meditating in the open had discoloured and disfigured his body. He was the definitely not any woman's dream husband. But Sukanya was a girl of good breeding. She knew that she had erred and was prepared to pay the price. Instead of raving and ranting she set about her duties conscientiously and with a smile on her lips. The sage too realised that life was not easy for his young bride. He demanded little of her and gave her plenty of space. This was not difficult because he meditated for months at a stretch, without eating or sleeping.
After completing her morning chores Sukanya would go to a secluded spot at a lake near the hermitage. There she would bathe in the calm and cool water for a few hours. Only during these very private moments would she sometimes dwell upon what might have been had she not blinded the sage. A youthful passion burned in her and the cold water enveloping her body quelled the heat. Once when she broke out of such a reverie she saw two handsome lads, identical twins, staring at her.
The Ashwini twins, Dasra and Nasatya were sons of the Sun God, but born at a time when their mother was in the form of a mare. "Ashwa" is the Sanskrit word for horse. From their mother they had inherited fleetness of foot and from their father dazzling beauty. They spent their time speeding around earth in search of merriment. One day they saw a young and beautiful maiden relaxing in the limpid waters of a lake, her eyes closed in a pleasurable daydream. They sat on the bank watching her and waiting for her to come out of her reverie.

When Sukanya met their gaze they asked her how her father had allowed her to bathe naked in the river without any female escort. They wanted to meet her father so as to put forward the proposal that she be married to one of them. When she informed them that she was already married they were astounded. On being asked she told them that she was married to Chyavana. The Ashwini twins had a good laugh. "What pleasure can that old disfigured hermit give you?" they scoffed, "I bet you are yet a virgin. Come run away with us and you will have the time of your life."
Sukanya candidly informed them that she was extremely happy with Chyavana and had no intention of running away with them or anyone else. The twins continued to watch her for a while, their minds working out a plot, and then they put forward the following proposal. "We can make your husband youthful like us but he will be identical to us. You will then have to choose one from the three of us. If you happen to choose him then good for you, else you will spend your life with one of us."
Sukanya said that she would have to consult her husband. The twins agreed. Sukanya hurried out of the water, wrapped her clothes around her wet body and went to the hermitage. Some time later she returned with Chyavana. "My husband has given his consent to your proposal," she told them.
The twins asked the sage to step into the lake. The three of them dipped themselves below the surface. When they emerged, the sage was identical to Dasra and Nasatya. Sukanya asked all three to come a little closer. The three marched forward in unison. No sooner had they taken a few steps on the shore, Sukanya pointed to the sage and said, "I choose him."
The twins were amazed at the alacrity with which Sukanya had made her choice. They had expected her to dither because there was no mark to differentiate Chyavana from them. They looked back and saw only one pair of footprints on the wet sand emerging from the lake, that of Chyavana. The twins being of the race of demi-Gods did not leave footprints.
The twins realised that the sage had hoodwinked them. He had known all along that Sukanya would be able to identify him because of the footprints. But they were a sporting pair. There would be other places and other maidens. They sought the sage's blessings and went their way. Sukanya and Chyavana lived happily ever after.

Thursday, May 16, 2002


This is the tale of how Sati wins the heart of Lord Shiva. From childhood, Sati is an ardent devotee of Lord Shiva and by doing severe penance she manages to win Shiva's heart. On Lord Shiva's request Brahma convinces Daksha to accept Shiva as his son-in law. Shiva and Sati get finally get married on an auspicious day.

Daksha was not happy with the marriage. He was angry because his daughter had married against his wishes. In Satya Yuga, Daksha performed a grand yagna and invited everyone from the three worlds except Lord Shiva and Sati. This was done with the idea to disrespect and humiliate Lord Shiva. Sati was unhappy and went to convince her father, who not only didn’t listen to her pleas but insulted her husband Lord Shiva. Sati was unable to bear her father’s insults toward her husband, so she sacrificed her life by jumping into the yagna fire. When Lord Shiva heard about her death he became furious. He went to the place where Daksha was performing his yagna and destroyed the area. He created two powerful beings called Virabadra and Maha Kali from his matted hair. They destroy the yagna and Virabadra kills Daksha.

Lord Shiva then carried Sati’s body all over the world in a state of wild grief. At the request of all other gods, Lord Vishnu severed Sati’s body into 51 pieces with his Sudarshan Chakra, so that Lord Shiva could return to his sanity and once again take up his duties. Various parts of Sati’s body fell at different places which became known as Shakti Peethas. At all Shakti Peethas, the Goddess Shakti is accompanied by Lord Bhairava (a manifestation of Lord Shiva).



1. Hingula (Hinglaj) Devi’s mind or brain fell here and the idols are Devi as Kotari (Durga) and Shiva as Bhimlochan (Terrible eyed or the third eye). The location is towards 125 km from Karachi, Pakistan.

2. Sharkarare or Karavipur Devi’s three eyes fell here and the idols are Devi as Mahishmardini (Durga the destroyer of Mahishashur) and Shiva as Krodhish (the one who can be angry). It is near Karachi in Pakistan, by rail the nearest station is Parkai.

3. Jwalamukhi, Kangra, Devi’s tongue fell here and the idols are Devi as Ambika (Mother) and Shiva as Unmatta (Furious). This is located near Pathankot, H.P., Jwalamukhi Road.

4. Sugandha Devi’s nose fell here and idols are Devi as Sunanada (Pleasing) and Shiva as Traimbak (Rudra). In the state of Bengal near Barishal in Shivahri Karpur village Devi’s temple is located and Shiva’s temple is in a village called Ponabalia, nearest railway station is Jhalkati.

5. On Bhairabha mountain near Avanti Devi’s upper lips fell here and idols are Devi as Avanti (Modest) and Shiva as Lambakarna (Long eared one). It is located near Ujjain.

6. Attahas (laughter) Devi’s lower lips fell here and the idols are Devi as Fullara (Blooming) and Shiva as Bhairabhvishesya (Lord of the universe). The place is in Bengal near Birbhum. Image of Devi and the Shiva temple is next to the Devi temple. It is a major pilgrimage and tourist attraction.

7. Prabhas Devi’s stomach fell here and the idols are Devi as Chandrabhaga (Throne of the moon) and Shiva as Bakratunda (the one with the bent staff). This is near Mumbai where a launch goes to Bharoal which is near Prabhas.

8. Yanasthana Devi’s chin fell here and the idols are Devi as Bhramari (female Bumble bee or attendant of Durga) and Shiva as Vikrakatakkha (one with the crooked eyes or look). Other names are Devi as Chibuka (the one with the chin) and Shiva as Sarvasiddhish (the one who can provide all desires).

9. Godavari (river) Devi’s left cheek fell here and the idols are Viswamatuka (mother of the world) and Shiva as Dandapani (the one who holds a staff).

10. Gandaki (river) Devi’s right cheek fell here and the idols are Devi as Gandakichandi (the one who overcomes obstacles or Gandi) and Shiva as Chakrapani (Holder of the discus). Famous pilgrimage.

11. Suchidesha Devi’s upper teeth fell here and the idols are Devi as Narayani (the wife of Narayan) and Shiva as Sanghar. Panchasagar - Devi’s lower teeth fell here and the idols are Devi as Barahi and Shiva as Maharudra (the angry one).

12. Bhavanipur or Karota (river) Devi’s left seat or her clothing fell here and idols are Devi as Aparna (the one who ate nothing, not even leaves) and Shiva as Bhairabha (Destroyer of fear). The King of Nator and his grandson the Maharajah Ramakrishna used to meditate here. The seat, the yognakunda and five skulls are still here. In the month of Baisakha according to the Bengali calendar, there is a large fete or Mela here to celebrate Ramanavami or Deepanbita.

13. Shriparvata or Shri mountain Devi’s right seat fell here and the idols are Devi as Shri Sunadari (beautiful) and Shiva as Sundaranand (the handsome one).

14. Karnat Devi’s two ears fell here and the idols are Devi as Jai Durga (the victoriuos Durga) and Shiva as Avirooka.

15. Vrindavana Devi’s hair fell here and idols are Devi as Uma (Devi) and Shiva as Bhootesh (or provider of all desires). Playgorund of Lord Krishna and the gopis.

16. Kirit Devi’s crown or headdress fell here and idols are Devi as Vimala (Pure) and Shiva as Sangbarta. Take the train to Ajimganj. The temples are on the shore of the ganges near Batnagar. (in Bangladesh)

17. Shrihatta Devi’s nape of the neck fell here and the idols are Devi as Mahalakshmi (the goddess of prosperity and wife of Mahavishnu) and Shiva as Sarvananda (the one who makes everyone happy). Devi’s temple is Near Shrihatta town and Shiva’s temple is near Jainpur. Shivaratri and Ashokashtami are celebrated with a Mela (carnival). Take train from Calcutta to Goalanda and steamer to Kechuaganj. Then either take a boat or walk about five miles (6 koshas).

18. Nalhati Devi’s vocal pipe fell here and the idols are Devi as Kalika (Durga) and Shiva as Yogesh. By train from Howrah station.

19. Kashmir Devi’s neck fell here and the idols are Devi as Mahamaya (the great Illusion) and Shiva as Trisandhyasvar. The famous pilgrimage is Amarnath. There is a Shiva linga of glacial ice which expands and contracts with the seasons.

20. Ratnabali Devi’s right shoulder fell here and the idols are Devi as Kumari (Durga) and Shiva as Bhairabha (Remover of fear).

21. Mithila Devi’s left shoulder fell here and the idols are Devi as Mahadevi (Devi) and Shiva as Mahodara (the big belied one). This is near Janakpur station.

22. Chattagram (also called Chattal) Devi’s right arm fell here and the idols are Devi as Bhavani (Devi) and Shiva as Chandrashekhar (the one who has the moon as the crown). It is said that Mahadeva has himself pronounced that he will visit Chandrashekhar mountain regularly during Kali yuga. This is near Sitakunda station. This is in Bangladesh.

23. Manav Kschetra (Field) Devi’s right hand or palm fell her and the idols are Devi as Dakhchayani (Durga) and Shiva as Amar (Immortal). Take train from Howrah station to Guskar station and then a few miles to Kogram. Mahadeva is considered Siddhidayaka or provider of all wishes.

24. Ujjaini Devi’s elbows fell here and the idols are Devi as Mangalchandi (Durga) and Shiva as Kapilambar (one who wears the brown clothes). Shiva is siddhidayaka.

25. Manibandha Devi’s middle of the palms fell here and the idols are Devi as Gayatri (Saraswati) and Shiva as Sarvananda (the one who makes everyone happy).

26. Prayag (three rivers meet here) Devi’s ten fingers fell here and the idols are Devi as Lalita (beautiful). Another name is Alopi and Shiva as Bhava. Near Tribeni ghat there is Banitirtha ghat (Quay for boats). Allahabad is the train station.

27. Bahula Devi’s left arm fell here and the idols are Devi as Bahula (Abundant) and Shiva as Bhiruk (who is also Sarvasiddhadayaka). Arrive at Katoa rail station and then go to Ketugram which is a pilgrimage.

28. Jalandhar Devi’s right breast fell here and the idols are Devi as Tripurmalini (Durga) and Shiva as Bhisan (Gruesome). Jwalamukhi is the nearby Tirtha and train goes from Delhi to Jalandhar.

29. Ramgiri (or Chitrakoot mountain) Devi’s left breast fell here (another opinion is that her Nala or Jaghanasti fell here) and the idols are Devi as Shibani (the wife of Shiva) and Shiva as Chanda. Near Bilaspur station and a walk of 2 miles.

30. Vaidyanath Devi’s heart fell here and the idols are Devi as Jaidurga (Victorious Durga) and Shiva as Vaidyanath. It is in Bihar. Joshidi is the train station.

31. Utkal, Orissa, Devi’s navel fell here and the idols are Devi as Vimala (the pure one) and Shiva as Jagannath (the ruler of the world). This is near the Jagannath temple of Puri in the state of Orissa.

32. Kanchidesh Devi’s skeleton fell here and the idols are Devi as Devagarbha and Shiva as Ruru. Bolpur station to Kopar river banks. There is a well for worship.

33. Kalmadhava Devi’s right hips fell here and the idols are Devi as Kali (another form of Durga) and Shiva as Asitananda. By praying to the Devi profusely pilgirms can obtain their desired objective.

34. Sone (near Sone river) Devi’s left hips fell here and the idols are Devi as Narmada and Shiva as Vadrasen.

35. Kamakhya (or Kamroop) Devi’s yoni fell here and the idols are Devi as Kamakhya (personification of love) and Shiva as Umananda. This is near Gauhati in the state of Assam on the banks of the Brahmaputra (the son of Brahma) river. The temple is on top of the Nilachal Hill. This is a famous pilgrimage for women seeking fertility or love. The temple is supposedly built by Kamdev, the god of love. The Umananda temple is nearby in an islet on the river. It has many pet monkeys.

36. Devi’s two knees fell here and the idols are Devi as Mahashira and Shiva as Kapali. This is in Nepal.

37. Jayanti Devi’s left thigh fell here and the idols are Devi as Jayanti and Shiva as Kramadiswar. In Bengal near Sri Hatta.

38. Magadha Devi’s right thigh fell here and the idols are Devi as Sarvanandari and Shiva as Bomkesha. Inside Shrihatta at Jayantipargana near the base of the Kahshia mountain Devi’s legs are placed here. Srihatta to Kanairghat by boat and then walk 2 miles. In West Bengal.

39. Tripura Devi’s right foot fell here and the idols are Devi as Tripurasundari and Shiva as Tripuresh. Devi is grantor of all wishes or Sarvavishta pradyani.

40. Khirgram Devi’s right toe fell here and the idols are Devi as Yogadaya and Shiva as Khirakantha. Take Eastern Indian Railway to Bardwhan station. Take Bardhwan Katoa Rail to Nigam station. Nigam station to Khirgram (village) is 2 miles. A mela (fete) is held during Baisakha Sankranti.

41. Kalighat (Kolkotta) Devi’s four small toes from her right foot fell here and the idols are Devi as Kali and Shiva as Nakulish or Nakuleswar. Famous pilgrimage located in Kolkotta in the state of West Bengal. Kali is a dark complexioned form of Shakti who has taste for blood and death. She rules over the cremation sites and is worshipped by devotees on a dark and moon less night. She is a popular deity of Bengal. kali is the female version of Kala or end of time.

42. Kurukshetra (or fields belonging to the Kuru family where the battle of the Mahbharata was fought between the Kurus and Pandus) Devi’s right ankle fell here and the idols are Devi as Savitri or Sthanu and Shiva as Aswanath.

43. Bakreswar Devi’s mind or the centre of the brows fell here and the idols are Devi as Mahishamardini (the slayer of Mahishasur or Durga) and Shiva as Bakranath. Near Ahmedpur station. There are seven hot springs and also the Paphara (remover of sins) river. The Mahamuni Ashtabakra found enlightenment here. On Shivaratri (night) there is a grand Mela (fete) here.

44. Jessore Devi’s centre of the hands fell here and the idols are Jashoreswari and Shiva as Chanda (Moon or the one who holds the moon).

45. Nandipur Devi’s necklace fell here and the idols are Devi as Nandini and Shiva as Nandikishore.

46. Varanasi (Benaras) Devi’s earrings (Kundal) fell here and the idols are Devi as VishwaLakschmi (The provider of wealth to all) and Shiva as Kala (Time or the end of time). Famous pilgrimage in UP and one of the oldest cities in the world. The Puranas say that this city exists even after the Pralaya.

47. Kanashram or Kalikashram Devi’s back fell here and the idols are Devi as Sharvani and Shiva as Nimisha.

48. Lanka - Her feet bells (Nupur) fell here and the idols are Devi as Indrakschi and Shiva as Rakchaseswara. Indrakschi was created and worshipped by Indra in person.

49. Virat Devi’s small toes of the feet fell here and idols are Devi as Ambika and Shiva as Amrita (nectar of immortality).

50. Bivasa Devi’s left ankle fell here and the idols are Devi as Bhimarupa and Shiva as Sarvananda.

51. Trisnota Devi’s left feet fell here and the idols are Devi as Vramari (Bumblebee) and Shiva as Iswar (God). On the banks of Tista river in Shalbari village in Jalpaiguri district in West Bengal

Shiva takes revenge on Daksha. But Brahma and Vishnu plead with Shiva to bring Daksha back life as a yagna once started has to be completed. Shiva then agrees to revive Daksha but does so by giving him the head of a goat. When Sati ends her life by immersing herself in the yagna fire, she is reborn as Parvati, the daughter of a great king Himavat, ruler of the Himalayas. Parvati has a great desire to marry Lord Shiva so she goes to the place where he is meditating and begins to serve him.


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